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Is sex education necessary in school?

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Stephanie Tancuan
Member since August 14, 2018
  • 1 Post
  • Age 16

Free source: Photo by NeONBRAND on Unsplash

Free source: Photo by NeONBRAND on Unsplash

Sex education helps people gain knowledge, information, and skills to make healthy decisions about sex and sexuality. Sex education is very important because it gives tips and lessons to young adults for them to be aware about sexually transmitted infections, health risks of early pregnancy and how to prevent unwanted pregnancies.

Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI) are a growing health concern among adolescents. One of the most common STI's in adolescents is Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). HIV destroys the body's immune system or its ability to fight off infections. Like any other STI's, HIV is usually transmitted because of unprotected sex. Many teens don't know the consequences of having unprotected sex because they lack knowledge, simply because sex education is not taught in schools. People with STI's especially HIV can be very susceptible to many life-threatening diseases such as cancer.

A lack of sex education contributes to high teenage pregnancy rates. According to World Health Organization (WHO), there are 21 million girls 15 to 19 years and 2 million girls under 15 years that become pregnant each year. Moreover, 16 million girls 15 to 19 years and 2.5 million girls under 16 years give birth. Adolescent pregnancy may increase the risk of infection because teens usually do not receive proper prenatal care and pregnancy can make them more vulnerable. In fact, some adolescents may have a higher risk of death from disease because pregnancy at a young age can make their immune system weak.

Lack of knowledge in sex can increase the number of unwanted pregnancies. Many high school and college students face unwanted pregnancies because they are not taught how to make healthy sex decisions. Unwanted pregnancies can also increase the number of abortion cases. Abortions are generally safe, but in some cases abortions can be dangerous to the mother. In fact, 3.9 million girls aged 15 to 19 years undergo unsafe abortions.

Sex education is very necessary to be taught in schools because knowledge in sex can be used for a lifetime. Every person has the right to be educated in order to protect themselves from infections and diseases that they might face when having unprotected intercourse. Adolescents should already have knowledge about sex before they become adults so they can plan their family easier and make wise decisions. Proper knowledge in sexuality education can help people develop healthy relationships with their partner, gender identity, and reproductive knowledge. I believe having sex education as a subject in school also makes students more open minded with topics like this. So instead of laughing off the topic of sex they will learn to discuss and engage.

REFERENCES

What is Sex Education? | Sex Ed Definition and QA. (2018). Retrieved from https://www.plannedparenthood.org/learn/for-educators/what-sex-education

Adolescent pregnancy. (2018). Retrieved from http://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/adolescent-pregnancy

Lentnek, M.D., A., & Sather, R.N., R. Sexually Transmitted Diseases in Adolescents - Health Encyclopedia - University of Rochester Medical Center. Retrieved from https://www.urmc.rochester.edu/encyclopedia/content.aspx?contenttypeid=90&contentid=p01654

Fogg, H. (2016). Op-Ed: Why Sex Education is Important – Hannah Fogg – Medium. [online] Medium. Available at: https://medium.com/@hannahjessy3/op-ed-why-sex-education-is-important-bcdc3e59382c [Accessed 11 Sep. 2018].

nhs.uk. (2016). Risks. [online] Available at: https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/abortion/risks/ [Accessed 11 Sep. 2018].






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